Why This Strategy is Needed As children mature, they develop the ability to comprehend and produce spoken and written language. Unfortunately, the writers of academic textbooks often use complex language structures that are very different from the everyday speech patterns that students actually use. Thus, many learners find academic text extremely difficult to understand. In order to improve their understanding, students must understand how words and phrases are arranged to create wellformed sentences. They must also understand the role that active and passive voice play in creating comprehension, how connectives are used to signal relationships between ideas, and the importance of pronouns. Built around the four-step TEXT Strategy, this manual provides a framework that teachers can use to convey this information. Who Can Benefit from Instruction While the information in this manual is valuable to all learners, instruction was created specifically for students with language issues, including students with disabilities and English language learners. In particular, instruction is best suited for high school teachers working in small group settings, such as Tiers 2 and 3 of Response to Intervention (RtI). Overview of the Manual This manual is organized into six lessons plus four appendices. The lessons outline the procedures for conducting the pretest and posttest, and also the procedures for teaching the TEXT Strategy. For the convenience of the individual using this manual, hyperlinks have been created between the lessons and the instructional materials located in the appendices. This manual is available as a PDF at shop.kucrl.ku.edu.



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